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Child protection

ontario specific
legal information

All children in Ontario are protected by the Child, Youth and Family Services Act, 2017, which requires services to recognize First Nations, Inuit and Métis culture, heritage, traditions and the extended family concept. It also states that First Nations are entitled, whenever possible, to provide their own child protection services.

The CYFSA contains provisions that require notification to and involvement of bands whenever possible in child protection proceedings.

There are five First Nations societies in Ontario that enforce the CYFSA:

There are six First Nations child protection societies that apply their own standards of practice and do not apprehend children or enforce the CYFSA:

If you are involved with one of these child protection authorities, it is important for you to know what standards of practice they use. It may also be helpful to have an advocate who can provide you with support, information about your rights and engage in advocacy if necessary.